Bibliografia

[1] Kitsantas P, Gaffney KF, Wu H, Kastello JC. Determinants of alcohol cessation, reduction and no reduction during pregnancy. Arch Gynecol Obstet 2014; 289:771.

[2] Ethen MK, Ramadhani TA, Scheuerle AE, et al. Alcohol consumption by women before and during pregnancy. Matern Child Health J 2009; 13:274

[3] Surgeon General’s Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy. www.hhs.gov/surgeongeneral/pressreleases/sg02222005.html. (Accessed December 14, 2007).

[4] Kesmodel U, Wisborg K, Olsen SF, et al. Moderate alcohol intake during pregnancy and the risk of stillbirth and death in the first year of life. Am J Epidemiol 2002; 155:305.

[5] Maier SE, West JR. Drinking patterns and alcohol-related birth defects. Alcohol Res Health 2001; 25:168.

[6] Bailey BN, Delaney-Black V, Covington CY, et al. Prenatal exposure to binge drinking and cognitive and behavioral outcomes at age 7 years. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 191:1037.

[7] Henderson J, Kesmodel U, Gray R. Systematic review of the fetal effects of prenatal binge-drinking. J Epidemiol Community Health 2007; 61:1069.

[8] Falgreen Eriksen HL, Mortensen EL, Kilburn T, et al. The effects of low to moderate prenatal alcohol exposure in early pregnancy on IQ in 5-year-old children. BJOG 2012; 119:1191.

[9]Underbjerg M, Kesmodel US, Landrø NI, et al. The effects of low to moderate alcohol consumption and binge drinking in early pregnancy on selective and sustained attention in 5-year-old children. BJOG 2012; 119:1211.

[10] Skogerbø Å, Kesmodel US, Wimberley T, et al. The effects of low to moderate alcohol consumption and binge drinking in early pregnancy on executive function in 5-year-old children. BJOG 2012; 119:1201.

[11] Kesmodel US, Bertrand J, Støvring H, et al. The effect of different alcohol drinking patterns in early to mid pregnancy on the child’s intelligence, attention, and executive function. BJOG 2012; 119:1180.

[12] Bay B, Støvring H, Wimberley T, et al. Low to moderate alcohol intake during pregnancy and risk of psychomotor deficits. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2012; 36:807.

[13] Skogerbø Å, Kesmodel US, Denny CH, et al. The effects of low to moderate alcohol consumption and binge drinking in early pregnancy on behaviour in 5-year-old children: a prospective cohort study on 1628 children. BJOG 2013; 120:1042.

[14] Patra J, Bakker R, Irving H, et al. Dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy and the risks of low birthweight, preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA)-a systematic review and meta-analyses. BJOG 2011; 118:1411.

[15] Henderson J, Gray R, Brocklehurst P. Systematic review of effects of low-moderate prenatal alcohol exposure on pregnancy outcome. BJOG 2007; 114:243.

[16] Bay B, Kesmodel US. Prenatal alcohol exposure – a systematic review of the effects on child motor function. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2011; 90:210.

[17] O’Leary CM, Nassar N, Kurinczuk JJ, Bower C. The effect of maternal alcohol consumption on fetal growth and preterm birth. BJOG 2009; 116:390.

[18] Kelly Y, Sacker A, Gray R, et al. Light drinking in pregnancy, a risk for behavioural problems and cognitive deficits at 3 years of age? Int J Epidemiol 2009; 38:129.

[19] Todorow M, Moore TE, Koren G. Investigating the effects of low to moderate levels of prenatal alcohol exposure on child behaviour: a critical review. J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol 2010; 17:e323.

[20] Riley EP, Infante MA, Warren KR. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an overview. Neuropsychol Rev 2011; 21:73.

[21] Sokol RJ, Delaney-Black V, Nordstrom B. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. JAMA 2003; 290:2996.

[22] Paintner A, Williams AD, Burd L. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders– implications for child neurology, part 1: prenatal exposure and dosimetry. J Child Neurol 2012; 27:258.

[23] Heller M, Burd L. Review of ethanol dispersion, distribution, and elimination from the fetal compartment. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 2014; 100:277.

[24] Feldman HS, Jones KL, Lindsay S, et al. Prenatal alcohol exposure patterns and alcohol-related birth defects and growth deficiencies: a prospective study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2012; 36:670.

[25] Coles, C. Critical periods for prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcohol Health and Research World 1994; 18:22.

[26] Goldschmidt L, Richardson GA, Stoffer DS, et al. Prenatal alcohol exposure and academic achievement at age six: a nonlinear fit. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1996; 20:763.

[26]The Interagency Coordinating Committee on FASDs. Consensus statement on recognizing Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) in primary health care of children. 2011. Available at: www.niaaa.nih.gov/sites/default/files/ARNDConferenceConsensusStatementBooklet_Complete.pdf (Accessed on February 24, 2014).

[27] Senturias Y, Weitzman CC. Fetal alchohol spectrum disorders. In: The Zuckerman Parker Handbook of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics for Primary Care, 3rd, Augustyn M, Zuckerman B, Caronna EB. (Eds), Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia 2011. p.213.

[28] O’Leary CM, Nassar N, Kurinczuk JJ, et al. Prenatal alcohol exposure and risk of birth defects. Pediatrics 2010; 126:e843.

[29] Astley SJ. Profile of the first 1,400 patients receiving diagnostic evaluations for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder at the Washington State Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Diagnostic & Prevention Network. Can J Clin Pharmacol 2010; 17:e132.

[30] Mattson SN, Roesch SC, Glass L, et al. Further development of a neurobehavioral profile of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2013; 37:517.

[31] Mattson SN, Roesch SC, Fagerlund A, et al. Toward a neurobehavioral profile of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2010; 34:1640.

[32] Giglia R, Binns C. Alcohol and lactation: A systematic review. Nutrition & Dietetics 2006; 63:103.

[33] Mennella J. Alcohol’s effect on lactation. http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-3/230-234.htm (Accessed on April 08, 2013).

[34] Little RE, Anderson KW, Ervin CH, et al. Maternal alcohol use during breast-feeding and infant mental and motor development at one year. N Engl J Med 1989; 321:425.

[35] Mennella JA, Gerrish CJ. Effects of exposure to alcohol in mother’s milk on infant sleep. Pediatrics 1998; 101:E2.

[36]Hassan MA, Killick SR. Negative lifestyle is associated with a significant reduction in fecundity. Fertil Steril 2004; 81:384.

[37] Practice Committee of American Society for Reproductive Medicine in collaboration with Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. Optimizing natural fertility: a committee opinion. Fertil Steril 2013; 100:631.

[38] Jensen TK, Hjollund NH, Henriksen TB, et al. Does moderate alcohol consumption affect fertility? Follow up study among couples planning first pregnancy. BMJ 1998; 317:505.

[39]Eggert J, Theobald H, Engfeldt P. Effects of alcohol consumption on female fertility during an 18-year period. Fertil Steril 2004; 81:379.

[40] Hakim RB, Gray RH, Zacur H. Alcohol and caffeine consumption and decreased fertility. Fertil Steril 1998; 70:632.

[41] Olsen J, Bolumar F, Boldsen J, Bisanti L. Does moderate alcohol intake reduce fecundability? A European multicenter study on infertility and subfecundity. European Study Group on Infertility and Subfecundity. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1997; 21:206.

[42] Juhl M, Nyboe Andersen AM, Grønbaek M, Olsen J. Moderate alcohol consumption and waiting time to pregnancy. Hum Reprod 2001; 16:2705.

[43] Rostad B, Schei B, Sundby J. Fertility in Norwegian women: results from a population-based health survey. Scand J Public Health 2006; 34:5.

[44]Nagy F, Pendergrass PB, Bowen DC, Yeager JC. A comparative study of cytological and physiological parameters of semen obtained from alcoholics and non-alcoholics. Alcohol Alcohol 1986; 21:17.

[45] Gomathi C, Balasubramanian K, Bhanu NV, et al. Effect of chronic alcoholism on semen–studies on lipid profiles. Int J Androl 1993; 16:175.

[46] Emanuele MA, Emanuele NV. Alcohol’s effects on male reproduction. Alcohol Health Res World 1998; 22:195.